What you need to know about how much aid from the US pier project will help Gaza

Washington – There is a pier built by the United States, Humanitarian aid to Gaza By sea, but no one will know whether the new route will work until deliveries begin to steadily reach starving Palestinians.

A truck falling from a pier project set up on Thursday faced increased fighting, with Hamas threatening to target foreign forces “occupying” the Gaza Strip and Israeli forces threatening access to aid convoys. It will face uncertainty over whether it will be safe from attack by Israel. Power.

Even if the sea route works as hoped, it will still bring some of the much-needed aid to the beleaguered enclave, the United States, United Nations and aid officials have warned.

The future status of aid arriving by sea is as follows.

Will the sea route end the crisis in Gaza?

No, even if everything about the sea route worked perfectly, U.S. and international officials say.

U.S. military officials hope to initially provide 90 truckloads of aid per day via sea, quickly expanding to about 150 trucks per day.

U.S. Agency for International Development Administrator Samantha Power and other aid workers have consistently said that in Gaza, the pre-war average of It has said more than 500 trucks will be needed to make deliveries. war between israel and hamas.

Israel has restricted land access for bringing in food, fuel and other supplies since Hamas’ deadly attacks on Israel began the conflict in October and escalated the humanitarian catastrophe for civilians. I’ve done it.

International experts say all 2.3 million Gazans are experiencing severe levels of food insecurity, with 1.1 million at “catastrophic” levels. Cindy McCain, director of electricity and the United Nations World Food Program, said northern Gaza was on the verge of starvation.

At that stage, USAID officials say a ceasefire is critical as steady clinical treatment is needed to save the lives of children and those most affected.

International officials say the route is expected to reach 500,000 people when it is fully operational. This is equivalent to just over one-fifth of the population.

What are the current route challenges?

Under the U.S. plan, the United Nations would take charge of aid once it arrives, and then the World Food Program would hand it over to aid groups for delivery.

U.N. officials have expressed concerns about remaining neutral in operations with the Israeli military, one of the combatants in the conflict, and say they are negotiating about it.

Sonali Kolde, assistant administrator for USAID’s Humanitarian Assistance Office, who supports logistics, said that how aid organizations work to safely distribute food to people in need in Gaza. He said he still had doubts.

The United States and international organizations, including the U.S. government’s USAID and non-profit organizations such as Oxfam, Save the Children, and the International Rescue Committee, are responding to the April 1 military crisis in which seven aid workers from the World Central Kitchen organization were killed. Israeli authorities say they have not meaningfully improved protection for aid workers since the attack. .

Talks with the Israeli military “need to reach a situation where humanitarian aid workers can operate in safety and security. And I don’t think we’re there yet,” Korde told reporters on Thursday. Told.

Meanwhile, fighting is intensifying in Gaza. Pentagon officials say the new coastline aid distribution area is not threatened, but the security situation could prompt closures of maritime routes, even temporarily. It’s clear.

Lt. Gen. Brad Cooper, deputy commander of U.S. Central Command, said the U.S. and Israel have developed a security plan for humanitarian groups coming to pick up aid at a “railway” next to the pier. Dan Diekhaus, USAID’s response director, said aid organizations follow their own safety protocols when distributing supplies.

Meanwhile, Israeli forces are stationed at a border crossing in the southern city of Rafah as part of the offensive, blocking the movement of fuel and other aid supplies.

UN deputy spokesperson Farhan Haq said without fuel it would be impossible to deliver all aid to Gaza.

What is needed?

US President Joe Biden’s administration, the United Nations and aid groups are pressuring Israel to allow more aid by land crossing, saying it is the only way to alleviate the suffering of civilians in Gaza. They also called on the Israeli military to actively work with aid organizations to prevent attacks on workers.

“Releasing aid to people in need in Gaza and beyond cannot and must not rely on floating docks far from where the need is most acute,” said UN Deputy Spokesperson Farhan Haq. told reporters Thursday.

“To prevent the threat of starvation, we must use the fastest and most obvious routes to reach the people of Gaza, and for that we now need land access,” Haq said. Ta.

U.S. officials agree that the pier is at best a partial solution and say they are looking to Israel for further solutions.

What does Israel say?

Israel says it has no restrictions on the entry of humanitarian aid and blames the United Nations for delays in distributing supplies to Gaza. The United Nations said ongoing fighting, fires in Israel and the chaotic security situation were hampering deliveries.

Under pressure from the United States, Israel opened two borders in recent weeks to allow aid to reach hard-hit northern Gaza. It said a series of Hamas attacks on the key crossing Kerem Shalom had disrupted the flow of goods.

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Associated Press writers Edith M. Lederer at the United Nations, Tara Kopp in Washington and Joseph Federman in Jerusalem contributed.

Copyright 2024 Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed without permission.

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